Like a good detective, let's examine this book.
The book of 2 Samuel is the second part of one big book. Originally, Samuel was one big and still is in the Hebrew Bible. The book was divided into two parts when the Hebrew Bible was translated into its Greek form (Septuigant). The Samuels tell of the nation of Israel. It spans from the end of the Judges' time to the Exile.
🔍 Things to Notice
- As stated above, 1 and 2 Samuel were originally one big book.
- 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings go together. They paint the picture of a nation beginning well but eventually falling to idolatry.
- We see the greatest King of Israel rise to power. Even today, the nation of Israel has the star of David on its flag.
- Jesus' ministry and Earthly life is often compared to the life of David.
🙏 Jesus in this Book
(Every book reveals the glory of God, displayed in Christ Jesus)
- Jesus is our True King.
- God's Providence.
- God is working behind the scenes.
Who wrote it? Samuel possibly wrote the first section. It was likely finished by the Prophet Nathan and the Historian Gad.
Who is the original audience? The nation of Israel.
Where are we? All events in Israel.
When was it written: 1120BC-1011BC. The events took place over 110 years. From the closing of the book of judges through the death of Saul. . It was written approximately 900 BC. This likely was not fully compiled until after the death of Solomon, David’s Son. Someone was likely not writing things done in this book as they happened.
What is the big idea? The events written about cover the tenure of David as King over Israel. God has qualified David for this tumultuous kingship through all the events he survived in 1 Samuel. He now experiences the fulfillment of God's promises. We also see David fall from grace and the restoration of God.
Why is this book important? The book of Samuel was written as the nation of Israel was being conquered and carried off into Exile. This book is a harsh critique to answer the question, "How did this exile happen?" and "What led us to this place?" Sometimes, we look at our difficult situations and ask why all this madness. The nation of Israel knew precisely why. They had left God. This book reminds us to look behind us. Have we left God in search of our own glory and kingdoms?
How can I apply it?: When we read about David's life, we are reminded that no perfect people exist. Only Jesus was perfect. This gives us hope. Just as God never stopped working in David's life, God will not give up on us.